The Gut Microbiome Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting You Need To Know, From A Functional Medicine Practitioner
Why I'm a fan of giving your digestion a break.
Digestion uses a surprising amount of energy—10% of our body's total energy, in fact. Everything from chewing to saliva production to swallowing takes energy. That's not even counting the production of stomach acid and the various enzymes and hormones released from your pancreas to break down macronutrients and regulate hunger signals.
And it doesn't stop there. Your body also produces water, enzymes, base salts, mucus, and bile that total about 2 gallons of liquid—all of which enter the large intestine. While all this is happening, your gastrointestinal tract has to churn the food and make rhythmic muscular contractions to push the food through your intestines, so the particles can absorb into your bloodstream and distribute throughout your body.
Are you tired yet? Many of you probably didn't realize what you were asking of your body when you had it digesting all hours of the day and night. No wonder your gut may be a little exhausted and exasperated!
Why fasting can help support gut health.
Beyond giving your gut a nice little rest, when you get down to it, fasting has an overwhelming ability to truly support your gut—and overall health—at a cellular level. Here's how:
1. Microbiome regulation.
The microbiome has its own circadian rhythm, and just like the ocean tides, different colonies of bacteria ebb and flow throughout the day. Certain populations of bacteria increase depending on whether we are awake, sleeping, or eating food.
This microbiome circadian cycle is normal and repeats itself every day, but it can be disrupted if we are constantly eating. Periods of fasting can help reset your microbiome's natural rhythm throughout the day.
2. Enhanced gut-metabolism connection.
However, as some research indicates (including this study with mice), fasting may be able to reduce the absorption of specific bacterial endotoxins, which have been linked to an increased risk for obesity and insulin resistance.
3. Lower gut inflammation.
The good news is that your gut microbiome starts to respond to fasting and food changes extremely quickly. You might expect it to take weeks or years to change the makeup of your microbiome, but research shows that it can start to happen within a few hours and you may even observe significant changes in just a few days of fasting.